Meaning of Forms
Trigram & Explanation
Poomsaes originate from the book of "I-Ching" (a Chinese oracle). The I-Ching consists of 64 hexagrams, which contain two sets of three lines, either closed or broken. The closed lines represent Yang and the open lines represent Yin. In the Chinese language, the unity of Yin and Yang is called Tai-Chi. In the Korean language, this unity is called Taeguek. Taegeuk is a symbol representing the principles of the cosmos, creation, and the norms of human life. The circumference of the Taegeuk (yin & yang symbol) symbolizes infinity.
The two parts - red and blue - inside the circle symbolize yin(negative) and yang(positive), which look like they are rotating all the time. Therefore, the Taegeuk, is the light which is the unified core of the cosmos, human life, and signifies energy and the source of life. The yin and yang represents the development of the cosmos, human life, and the oneness of symmetrical halves, such as: negative and positive, hardness and softness, materials and anti-materials.
The bar-signs (called kwae) outside the circle are so arranged to go along with the Taegeuk in an orderly system. On the trigrams below, one solid bar means yang and two small bars mean yin, both representing the basic principals of creation and harmonization of the cosmos.