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Meaning of Forms
Trigram & Explanation
Taeguek Poomsae
Poomsaes originate from the book of "I-Ching" (a Chinese oracle). The I-Ching consists of 64 hexagrams, which contain two sets of three lines, either closed or broken. The closed lines represent Yang and the open lines represent Yin. In the Chinese language, the unity of Yin and Yang is called Tai-Chi. In the Korean language, this unity is called Taeguek. Taegeuk is a symbol representing the principles of the cosmos, creation, and the norms of human life. The circumference of the Taegeuk (yin & yang symbol) symbolizes infinity.

The two parts - red and blue - inside the circle symbolize yin(negative) and yang(positive), which look like they are rotating all the time. Therefore, the Taegeuk, is the light which is the unified core of the cosmos, human life, and signifies energy and the source of life. The yin and yang represents the development of the cosmos, human life, and the oneness of symmetrical halves, such as: negative and positive, hardness and softness, materials and anti-materials.

The bar-signs (called kwae) outside the circle are so arranged to go along with the Taegeuk in an orderly system. On the trigrams below, one solid bar means yang and two small bars mean yin, both representing the basic principals of creation and harmonization of the cosmos.

White Name  Movements Symbolizes Meaning
Ki-bon Hyung (Basic Pattern)  20 purity, or innocense conception


 Number of Movements: 29

Hwarang is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. 

The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division commanded by General Choi in 1953 where Taekwon-Do was developed into maturity.

Choong-Moo Number of Movements: 30

Choong-Moo was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reported to have invented the first armoured battleship (kobukson) in 1592, which is said to have been the precursor of the present day submarine. 

The pattern ends with a left-hand attack symbolising his regrettable death. He was never allowed to reach his full potential as he was forced to be loyal to the king.

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